Trina Solar Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Results

公開日 2015/03/05
Trina Solar 
Trina Solar Limited today announced its unaudited financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2014.

Fourth Quarter 2014 Financial and Operating Highlights

- Total module shipments were 1,098.8MW, consisting of 1,070.5MW of external shipments and 28.3MW of shipments to the Company's own downstream power projects. This compares with total shipments of 1,063.8MW, consisting of 936.8MW of external shipments and 127MW of shipments to the Company's own downstream power projects, in the third quarter of 2014

- Net revenues were $705.0 million, an increase of 14.3% from the third quarter of 2014

- Gross profit was $111.0 million, an increase of 8.0% from the third quarter of 2014

- Gross margin was 15.7%, compared with 16.7% in the third quarter of 2014

- Operating income was $30.5 million, a decrease of 14.4% from the third quarter of 2014

- Net income was $13.9 million, an increase of 31.5% from the third quarter of 2014

- Net income excluding the net foreign exchange loss was $21.5 million. Net foreign currency exchange loss was $7.6 million, which included a gain on change in fair value of foreign exchange derivative instruments of $1.7 million

- Earnings per fully diluted American Depositary Share ("ADS" and each ADS represents 50 of the Company's ordinary shares) were $0.13, compared with $0.14 in the third quarter of 2014. Excluding net foreign exchange loss, earnings per ADS was $0.21

Full Year 2014 Financial and Operating Highlights

- Total solar module shipments were approximately 3.66GW, an increase of 41.9% from 2.58GW in 2013

- Total net revenues were $2.29 billion, an increase of 28.8% from 2013

- Gross profit was $385.6 million, an increase of 76.7% from 2013

- Gross margin was 16.9%, compared with 12.3% in 2013

- Operating income was $120.1 million, compared with an operating loss of $38.1 million in 2013.

- Net income for the full year was $61.3 million, compared with a net loss of $72.2 million for 2013

- Earnings per fully diluted ADS for 2014 were $0.74, compared with a loss per fully diluted ADS of $1.01 in 2013

"We are pleased with our solid performance in the fourth quarter. We saw record shipment volumes, maintained our leading position as one of the largest solar companies in the world, and continued to increase our earnings quarter to quarter," said Mr. Jifan Gao, Chairman and CEO of Trina Solar.

"We also made significant progress in our downstream business. We connected two utility scale solar power plants totaling 210MW in Xinjiang and Jiangsu provinces, and both are generating electricity. Our project pipeline in China is expanding and we are growing our downstream business at a steady pace. Overseas, we closed the sale of a 13.2MW project in the UK in December 2014. The cash generated by the sale of the project will provide additional capital for the expansion of our downstream businesses. We expect our growing portfolio of overseas projects in the UK and Japan that we expect to sell upon completion to further contribute to our downstream business expansion in 2015.

"In the second half of 2014, we strengthened our focuses on developing distributed generation ("DG") projects in China. We have completed a number of projects and we will leverage our experience in developing utility scale projects and our module sales channels to further tap into the DG market and bolster our current downstream pipeline in China in 2015.

"In addition, we continued to deliver impressive new product innovations in solar cell technology. Our deep commitment to R&D and to delivering high quality products ensures our leading position in the very competitive and highly regulated PV industry. Our proven track record for superior quality, innovation, and efficient execution in the manufacturing sector positions us well as we build our company into a major developer and operator of solar projects.

"Overall, 2014 was a successful year for Trina Solar. Both our manufacturing and downstream businesses delivered strong results, and we emerged as the world's largest supplier of solar modules. We took advantage of the rapidly growing demand in China, the world's largest market for solar products, as well as the expansion of sales across various Asia-Pacific and Americas markets. We were also able to mitigate the industry trend of declining average sales prices ("ASPs") without compromising product quality by re-engineering our manufacturing processes and supply chain to drive down costs and by growing our portfolio of downstream projects to increase profitability.

"In 2015, we believe that our focus on technological innovation and delivering the highest quality and diversified module portfolio will drive growth in an expanding market. We will continue to build world-class capabilities and align our global resources to reinforce our leading position in the module business while exploring the utility, DG and other downstream markets."

Fourth Quarter 2014 Results

Net Revenues 

Net revenues were $705.0 million, an increase of 14.3% sequentially and an increase of 34.1% year-over-year. Total shipments were 1,098.8MW, consisting of 1,070.5MW of external shipments and 28.3MW of shipments to the Company's downstream power projects. This compares with total shipments of 1,063.8MW in the third quarter of 2014 and 770.1MW in the fourth quarter of 2013. The sequential increase in revenues and shipments was primarily due to rising shipment volumes to China, Europe and the rest of Asia. The year-over-year increase in revenues and shipments was driven largely by growing demand from key geographical regions, particularly China, Japan and the U.S.

Gross Profit and Margin

Gross profit was $111.0 million, compared with $102.8 million in the third quarter of 2014 and $79.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. 

Gross margin was 15.7%, compared with 16.7% in the third quarter of 2014 and 15.1% in the fourth quarter of 2013. The sequential decrease in gross margin was the result of several factors, including a change in the sales mix, reflecting higher shipments to China and other Asia-Pacific markets with relatively low ASPs, and fewer shipments to Japan in the quarter, which had relatively higher ASPs compared with other markets, coupled with a general decline in ASPs in some other key markets. The year-over-year margin increase was mainly due to the lower gross profit caused by the disposal and impairment loss on the Company's downstream projects in the U.S. which was recognized in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Operating Expenses, Income and Margin

Operating expenses were $80.5 million, an increase of 19.9% sequentially and 35.7% year-over-year. The sequential increase was primarily due to an increase in salary, wages and benefits to employees. The Company's operating expenses represented 11.4% of the fourth quarter net revenues, an increase from 10.9% in the third quarter of 2014 and 11.3% in the fourth quarter of 2013. Operating expenses included a reversal of accounts receivable provisions of 1.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2014, compared with $3.0 million in the third quarter of 2014 and $9.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. This provision reversal contributed to the increase in the operating expense ratio sequentially and year-over-year.

As a result, operating income was $30.5 million, compared with $35.6 million in the third quarter of 2014 and $19.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Operating margin was 4.3%, compared with 5.8% in the third quarter of 2014 and 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Net Interest Expense

Net interest expense was $8.3 million, compared with $7.0 million in the third quarter of 2014 and $8.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Foreign Currency Exchange Gain (Loss) 

The Company recorded a net foreign currency exchange loss of $7.6 million, which included a gain on change in fair value of foreign exchange derivative instruments of $1.7 million. This compares with a net loss of $15.1 million in the third quarter of 2014 and a net gain of $1.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. The loss on foreign currency exchange was mainly due to the depreciation of the Euro and Japanese Yen against the U.S. dollar in the fourth quarter of 2014.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit) 

Income tax expense was $1.7 million, compared with income tax expense of $5.2 million in the third quarter of 2014 and income tax benefit of $1.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Net Income (Loss) and Earnings (Loss) per ADS

Net income was $13.9 million, compared with $10.6 million in the third quarter of 2014 and $15.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2013. Net income excluding the net foreign exchange loss was $21.5 million, compared with $25.6 million in the third quarter of 2014.

Net margin was 2.0%, compared with 1.7% in the third quarter of 2014 and 2.9% in the fourth quarter of 2013. Net margin excluding net foreign exchange was 3.0% in the fourth quarter of 2014.

Earnings per fully diluted ADS were $0.13, compared with $0.14 in the third quarter of 2014 and $0.21 in the fourth quarter of 2013. Earnings per ADS excluding net foreign exchange loss, was $0.21 in the fourth quarter of 2014.

Financial Condition

As of December 31, 2014, the Company had $539.8 million in cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash. Total bank borrowings were $842.7 million, of which $820.3 million were short-term borrowings, including $82.4 million of the current portion of long-term borrowings. 

Shareholders' equity was $972.8 million as of December 31, 2014, an increase from $930.9 million at the end of the third quarter of 2014.

Full Year 2014 Results

Total module shipments were 3.66GW, consisting of 3.34GW of external shipments and 324MW of shipments to the Company's downstream power projects, an increase of 41.9% from 2.58GW in 2013, primarily driven by strong demand from China, Japan and the U.S.

Net revenues were $2.29 billion, an increase of 28.8% from $1.77 billion in 2013. Gross profit was $385.6 million, an increase of 76.7% from $218.2 million in 2013. Overall gross margin was 16.9%, compared with 12.3% in 2013. The gross margin expansion in 2014 was primarily due to faster reduction in manufacturing costs compared with the general decline in ASP and increased sales of downstream solar projects further improve gross margins. Operating profit was $120.1 million, compared with a loss of $38.1 million in 2013. Operating margin was 5.3%, compared with negative 2.1% in 2013.

Net income was $61.3 million, compared with a net loss of $72.2 million in 2013. Net margin was 2.7%, compared with negative 4.1% in 2013.

Earnings per fully-diluted ADS were $0.74, compared with a loss per fully diluted ADS of $1.01 for 2013.

First Quarter and Fiscal Year 2015 Guidance

First Quarter of 2015 Guidance

The Company expects to ship between 840MW to 870MW of PV modules, of which 60MW to 70MW of PV modules will be shipped to the Company's downstream PV projects.

Fiscal Year 2015 Guidance

2015 Manufacturing Capacity

The Company expects to achieve annualized capacity at the end of 2015:

- Ingot production capacity of approximately 2.8GW

- Wafer capacity of approximately 2.3GW

- PV cell capacity of approximately 3.5GW

- Module capacity of approximately 4.8GW

The addition of 500MW cell and 800MW of module capacity in 2015 will partially come from the low-cost overseas manufacturing facilities that the Company is planning to build or jointly build with local partners in select countries outside of China. The addition of wafer and ingot capacity increase mainly come from equipment update and technology advancement as well as working with domestic partners.

The Company expects total PV module shipments between 4.4GW and 4.6GW, of which 700MW to 800MW of PV modules will be shipped to the Company's downstream projects. The total shipment volume represents an increase of 20% to 26 % from 2014.

The Company expects to connect to the grid of 700MW and 750MW of downstream PV power projects across the world, including 30%-40% of DG projects in China.

Operations and Business Updates

2014 Manufacturing Capacity

As of December 31, 2014, the Company had annualized:

- In-house ingot production capacity of approximately 2.2GW

- Wafer capacity of approximately 1.7GW

- PV cell capacity of approximately 3.0GW

- Module capacity of approximately 4.0GW

Project Development

In 2014, the Company completed construction of 337MW solar power projects consisting of 324MW of utility projects and 13MW of EPC for DG projects. As of March 4, 2015, the Company has a total of 232MW solar power projects under operation, of which 22MW are overseas and 210MW are in China.

Recent Developments for Projects in China

In the fourth quarter of 2014, the Company connected to the grid a 90MW solar power plant in Toksun, Xinjiang Province. The plant will be able to generate up to 118 million kWh of electricity per year and was granted a 20-year feed-in-tariff (FIT) of 0.95 RMB/KWh.

In addition, the Company has connected to the grid of a 120MW utility project in Jiangsu Province at the end of 2014 which is generating electricity.

Recent Developments for International Projects

Outside of China, the Company is adopting tailored strategies for downstream business development that take into account a number of factors for each market, including, among others, the geographic location, the policy and regulatory environment, and the potential internal rate of return. The Company may also cooperate with local partners outside of China to further its project development overseas.

In Europe, the Company sold a 13.2MW solar power project in the UK to Foresight Group in December 2014. This follows the sale of a similar 10.6MW solar power project in the UK to the same buyer in September 2014. In addition, another 49.9MW utility-scale solar power project in the UK is expected to be connected to the grid in the first quarter of 2015 and the Company intends to sell the project in the coming quarter.


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